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Hardwood Flooring: A Complete Guide on Its Types, Textures, Grades, Colors and Installations Types

January 4, 2017

 

We all want our homes to be adorned with the beautiful and exotic-looking hardwood flooring.  Did you know all the different types and textures of American hardwoods that greatly enhance the interior of your house?

The quality and appearance of any hardwood flooring depends on its construction process, color and styling. Some other factors to be considered are the width of the plank and various kinds of wood floor installation.

Wondering how to get such detailed information on hardwood flooring?

Don’t worry!

Here, at Floor-care.com, we have prepared a comprehensive guide on hardwood flooring just for you, which would provide the ultimate answer to all your queries.

Just keep reading!

Variety of Construction in Hardwood Flooring:

1.Solid Hardwood:

Solid hardwood is the conventional form of hardwood which comes as a single piece along with the groove and tongue sides. Due to being natural, solid flooring can be easily damaged if exposed to moisture for a long time. They are generally comprised of pure wood of oak, ash and maple. Such hardwood planks have the standard thickness of ¾ inches. Solid hardwood is just the right option for you if you are looking for some flooring installation with the option for refinishing.

2.Engineered Hardwood:

Engineered hardwood, popularly known as engineered wood flooring, comes as an alternative to solid hardwood for places with extremely humid weather conditions. Engineered hardwood is a product of cross-ply construction which is resistant to any expansion or contraction. Engineered wood flooring is perfect for any kind of surface and has a nice top layer of wood. It owes its humidity-resistant quality to the multiple layers of wood materials that manage movement and resist damage. But, it does not always come with the refinishing option which might mean additional expense and a complete re-installation of floors.

3.Unfinished and Pre-finished Hardwood Flooring:

Homeowners are greatly divided in case of choosing unfinished and pre-finished flooring. But, you can save some extra expense when you know how the unfinished or pre-finished materials work as different flooring options.

4.Pre-finished hardwood flooring:

Pre-finished hardwood flooring comes with turnkey materials which are less expensive.  If you have children or pets at home and you want to avoid smelly chemical fumes that comes out with the installation of other flooring, go for pre-finished flooring which follows simple installation steps. Apart from keeping the cleanliness of your house intact, it also comes with a variety of shades and color. This is one of the primary reasons that pre-finished flooring has been very popular among the homeowners, who like to experiment with the appearance of the flooring.

5.Unfinished Hardwood Flooring:

Unfinished hardwood flooring provides homeowners with the opportunity to create the best possible match among the flooring patterns in different sections of the house. With unfinished flooring all over the house, you receive more uniformity of color and finish. The width and color in unfinished hardwood are more consistent than pre-finished flooring which makes it a popular option for the flooring construction of any historically significant building.

6.Variations in Hardwood texture and Styling:

The texture and styling of Hardwood can be the determining factors of the ambiance of your home. The variations in the hardwood texture allow you to experiment with the appearance of the interior of your home. Find out how different texture of hardwood might help you to give your home a revamped look!

Types of Surface Texture in Hardwood:

1.Wire brushed:

The wire brushed pattern that runs all over flooring is ideal for creating a rough surface. Moreover, there is no soft wood in the surface, which increases the durability of your flooring installation and makes it less slippery. Rough surfaces also give your flooring a natural aged look which hides the visibility of any scratches and lowers the maintenance cost.

2.Hand Scraped:

Hand crafted wood flooring bears tooling marks which strengthen the artwork of your flooring. Moreover, any scrapes or scratches are moderately hidden by such flooring texture which provide you greater durability and a more authentic look. Before making any purchase, please consult a flooring expert to determine whether your selected product is manually built to get the best results.

3.Distressed:

Such texture provides the flooring an old appearance which is ideal for creating a rustic atmosphere in your home. Dents and small marks are parts of this texture which provide the assurance of low maintenance. Overall, you can expect a soothing and comfortable environment with this texture installed on your floors.

4.Reclaimed:

The reclaimed texture is a product of a collection of woods taken from old building sites and barns. As a result, it is very eco-friendly and renders a strong impact in the overall look of your house. If you are willing to spend some extra money, this classic texture is just the right choice for you.

5.Traditional:

The conventional flooring texture never loses its charm and remains beyond comparison with its smooth and natural appearance. If you are a lover of elegance, traditional flooring will never disappoint you.

A variety of Planks:

Almost all the homeowners are now aware of the fact that the width and dimensions of the planks used for flooring installation adds to the comfort and designing of the house. Let’s explore all the options below:

1.Parquet:

Many of us like to flaunt geometrical patterns on the floor which is easily obtainable through parquet flooring. Since its inception in France, parquet flooring has enjoyed wide popularity among the upper class of the European society due to its refinement and sophisticated appearance.

2.Plank:

An ideal plank should have 3-6 inches of width but it is not the ultimate determining factor. Other influential factors include the tone and texture of the wood. Planks are heavily utilized for creating an antique and rusty look.

3.Wide Plank:

There are many wider planks too which come within the width range of 6-10 inches. With great availability and flexibility of width, wider planks are quite popular among the country homeowners.

4.Strip:

When the flooring is with the 2-3 inches of width range, it is called the strip. A lot of narrow boards are utilized for building the strips which are used for modern as well as contemporary interior styling.

Different Types of Hardwood Grades:

There is no defined grading system for hardwood flooring which allows you to be more creative and experimental with your selection. The grade of the wood does not depend on its quality or endurance because it is very likely to vary with different tree materials such as the knots, graining and streaks. As a result, manufacturers are more concerned with the appearance of the wood. As a buyer, all you need to do is to find compatibility between the individualistic look of wood grade and your preferred style of flooring.

Types of Gloss Hardwood:

A clean and shiny flooring builds a positive impression in the minds of visitors. But, there is no reason to think that there are no options for gloss hardwood flooring. You can choose the extent of glossiness on your flooring if you are aware of their variations.

Let’s have a close look at them:

1.Low Gloss Floors:

Also known as the matte floors, low gloss floors look absolutely natural with its weathered, rather dull finish. Such an old appearance conceals scratches and offers more endurance. As a result, these require low maintenance and are likely to last longer.

2.High Gloss Floors:

If you need your floors to be extremely shiny and reflective, feel free to opt for high gloss floors. But, such sparkle comes with great maintenance cost and is very prone to the wear and tear of time.

3.Medium Gloss Floors:

Medium gloss floors project excellent blending of less sparkle and moderate maintenance, which makes them a favorite choice among the homeowners. Such finishes are increasingly observed in pre-finished hardwood flooring.

Shades of Hardwood:

The shade and texture of your selected hardwood collectively determine the attractiveness and comfort of your home. There are variety of shades in hardwood flooring to meet your requirements.

1.Light Wood Floors:

Wood floors with light shade are perfect if your house accommodates wall painting of darker shades. Such color contrast helps the on-looker to concentrate on all the objects in the house with equal importance. Moreover, light wood floors brighten up the atmosphere of your house and makes it appear large and spacious.

2.Dark Wood Floors:

Darker flooring shades make your home look more elegant and classy. It is not a very good choice for smaller rooms because it might exude a congested or crowded atmosphere. But, it adds a lot of beauty to large rooms and beautifully highlights the light shaded areas such as upholstery and rugs. Dark wood flooring, when combined with high gloss finish, might require heavy maintenance and many additional expenses.

3.Medium wood Floors:

Wood floors with moderate shading can highlight the best aspects of your room and render it a touch of warmth and comfort.

Different Types of Hardwood Floor Colors:

As a homeowner, you may find it convenient to mix and match with different colors of the hardwood flooring to get the desired look. All you need to do is to find out which coloring scheme in the hardwood flooring is best suited to meet your needs.

You can go for whitewashed wood if you want a light texture to adorn your flooring. You can also add a touch of versatility to your decoration with neutral colors such as brown or beige. A tanned look can be achieved with variations of the brown color. With the addition of the stain, almost any kinds of hue can be rendered to the floor irrespective of both classic and trendy finishes.

Types of Hardwood Flooring Installation:

If solid hardwood is your preferred type, you can install it over the ground level of any wooden sub-floor. But, if you are concerned with the flooring pattern of your basement or bathroom, it is better to choose engineered wood flooring.

You can ask your flooring professional to opt for the traditional installation method of nailing the wood material to the sub-floor which is performed by fastening them to the plank sides so that they remain concealed. You can also go for sticking up the hardwood material to the subfloor with adhesives and trowel. If the selected planks have tongue and grove sides, you can also choose to have floating floor by utilizing the click-lock design which renders speedy result without the requirement of any glue.

Contact Us & Get the Best Flooring Advice:

Here, at floor-care.com, we help you come up with the right decision for flooring with great confidence. We would provide you with samples and manuals so that you can choose the best material that is well-suited to meet your needs. Consult us today and get the best and most versatile flooring upgrade for your hardwood flooring.